Current activity

Although lead and lead compounds are some of the most studied substances in commerce, since 2000 the lead industry through the REACH Consortium has invested in excess of €3 million in independent research into the health and environmental impacts of lead.

Industry sponsored scientific research has been fundamental in enhancing the understanding of the risks to human health and the environment presented by exposure to lead and has been used extensively in documents, such as the EU Voluntary Risk Assessment and REACH Chemical Safety Report.

Recent highlights of the research programme sponsored by the Pb REACH consortium include:

Biotic ligand models

The completion of many new studies on the environmental fate and effect of lead and the development of biotic ligand models to predict more accurately the toxicity of lead to freshwater species under different environmental conditions. This research has been published by our partners in peer reviewed scientific journals to ensure that findings are shared with all stakeholders (including the scientific and regulatory communities) and has been used to extensively update risk assessments presented in Chemical Safety Reports of REACH registration dossiers of lead metal and compounds.

A full list of publications resulting from environmental research projects commissioned by the Pb REACH consortium is available on the ILA website.

Lead exposure study

The initiation of a major new epidemiology study on the effects of occupational exposure of lead. The unique longitudinal study will follow up to 500 new hires over a 2 year period and assess changes to blood pressure, renal function, peripheral nerve conductivity, neurocognitive performance and general quality of life as a function of exposure as measured by blood lead levels. This study will help re-evaluate the REACH DNEL for workers and occupational exposure limits. Further details can be found on

The Pb REACH Consortium continues to assess the research needs to ensure that REACH registration dossiers remain the most up to date resource of health and environmental effects off lead metal and compounds.